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The Killer Glossary

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How do we know? NASA's FAQs - Audio Introduction to Killer Oceans

Think Globally - - Act Locally

Latiude -

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Adiabatic, an adjective used to tell a condition or something relating a process where heat remains in a system. "An adiabatic compression of perfect gases."

Albedo- From the Latin word for whiteness. Albedco serves to reflect sunlight back into space. Warming land surfaces (agriculture, deforestation) and ocean warming create feed-back loops leading to increased ice and snow melt.

Anthropocene - The geological period of human dominance of Earth's climate and environment.

Global Ocean Warming - Direct solar energy and atmospheric heat mix easily with ocean's top layer (600 feet); the lower 95 percent warms slow in human terms. The lower layer takes about 3,000 years to mix and come to equilibrium with the top layer and atmospehre. Dessler - - See Other Climate Investigations

Killer Oeans - Five oceans undergoing physical and chemical changes more rapidly than life can adapt. Human greenhouse gas emissions produce rapid ocean warming and rapid acidification; plastic pollution poisons, sea life, including Arctic plankton. Only within a human context do Earth's oceans become "killer oceans," during the anthropocene..

lag time - A period of time between greenhouse gas emissions and planet warming. Greenhouse effect lags behind CO2 emissions, for example; hence, today greenhouse gas emissions are "in the pipeline" and inevitable for centuries, also known as committed warming.

Milankovitch cycles, Milutin Milankovitch - Serbian mathemtician credited for to discover the role of Earth's orbit and growth of the ice-ages.

Radiative Forcing (climate forcing) - The most important climate science idea. The difference between energy absorbed by the earth and energy ratiated back into space. Radiative " forcing is defined as the response to an instantaneous change, before the temperature of the planet has adjusted to the change."

Dessler, Andrew E.. Introduction to Modern Climate Change (p. 93). Cambridge University Press. Kindle Edition.

 

 

Latiude -

In Humboldt's geography, latitude shows a geographic coordinate. Such coordinates tell north–south positions of a point on the Earth's surface. An angle, 90° (North or South) at the poles and 0° at the equator. Latitude Lines run parallel and east–west. We see them as circles parallel to the Oceans and land masses at the equator.

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Yes, this is a metaphore. Sometimes when talking about science it helps to use metaphores and other figures of speech.

A human generation is about 27 years, according to some sociologists. So figure that 200 years in the future will be the time of the 7th Generation. For our purpposes, from now until the time of the 7th Generatin, Earth will neither have returned to its pre-industrial temperatures nor will the polar albedo have returned.