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Killer Oceans Top Ten Fossil Fuel Files (From Climate Files)


Narratives and Audio

1965 Presidential CO2 Advisory Report

A warning given to the President of the United States, business as usual will not sustain our planet. President Johnson echoed the advisory committee's findings on national television and basically went unheeded, obviously.

Among other environmental issues, the main focus on carbon dioxide (CO 2) combustion "is the only major new producer of carbon dioxide, increasing the quantity of CO2 in the atmosphere and ocean from roughly 1860 to 1960 by 7%." The advisory committee found a 1.36% increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide from 1958 to 1963."

“By the year 2000 the increase in atmospheric CO2 will be close to 25%. This may be sufficient to produce measurable and perhaps marked changes in climate, and will almost certainly cause significant changes in the temperature and other properties of the stratosphere."

June 6, 1978 - A key document to understand fossil fuels' climate deception practices, this 1978 Exxon Memo on Greenhouse Effect for Exxon Corporation sheds light on our current situation.

J. F. Black sent a memo to F. G. Turpin, Vice President of Exxon’s Research and Engineering Company, that included the presentation and text Black made to the Corporation Management Committee in July 1977 after several people requested the prepared text.

Black notes the general scientific consensus surrounding the likely manner that the global climate is influenced by mankind burning fossil fuels. Black also notes that doubling of carbon dioxide is estimated to increase the average global temperature by 1 to 3 degrees celsius, with a 10 degree celsius warming of the poles; and that more research is needed to examine the validity and significance of the predictions but that mankind has a 5 to 10 year window to obtain the necessary information.

1979 - At the request of President Carter's Executive Office, the convened the Climate Research Board to assess the scientific basis for "future climatic changes resulting from man-made releases of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere."
The Climate Research Board convened by President Carter concluded that at the present rate of carbon emissions, the global surface will warm 2 to 3.5 degrees Celsius.
Researchers were unable to find that to find physical effects that could reduce the currently estimated global warming…"
They discussed the loss of the albedo effect because of melting ice caps and subsequent heating of Earth's newly exposed surfaces, land, and ocean. Increases in water vapor might increase Earth's temperature by 2 degrees Celsius. Positive and negative feedback loops were related to cloud cover and ocean layering.
This document tells us how early scientists, government, and the fossil fuel industry knew about the impact of carbon dioxide on Earth's increasing rate of heating.
While this report conceded to certain uncertainties, it gave enough information to conclude that atmospheric carbon dioxide content would double by 2030. Earth's climate will change drastically.

1982 Exxon Memo Summarizing Climate Modeling and CO2 Greenhouse Effect Research - September 2, 1982 Exxon’s Roger Cohen sends a memo to Exxon’s Al Natkin summarizing climate modeling research and the CO2 greenhouse effect.

Cohen writes that while climate models vary widely and that there has not been a measurable change in the earth’s climate due increasing CO2, over the past several years have a “clear scientific consensus has emerged regarding the expected effects of increased atmospheric CO2.”

Cohen emphasizes that the scientific consensus is not unanimous and that MIT Professor Reginald Newell. However, Cohen also writes that Exxon has explored Newell’s research and finds that there will be larger temperature increases over the polar regions “giving a global average temperature increase that falls within the range of the scientific consensus.”

The memo was shotgunned to other Exxon officials involved in the company’s internal carbon research program: Andrew Callegari, E. E. David, Jr., Brian Flannery, M. Glaser, Duane Levine, P. Lucchesi, and Harold Weinberg.

1982 Glaser Memo to Exxon Management about CO2 Greenhouse Effect